Miracle­­s in Quran

Allah supported his prophets with miracles which serve as proof that they were his true messengers. Quran is the everlasting miracle in Islam; it is the direct word of Allah sent to the world through the prophet Muhammad.

Some of these miracles are science-related; they are addressing very complicated and advanced topics. Although Quran was revealed more than 1400 years ago those facts were recently verified through modern science.


Ocean internal waves are waves in the interior of the ocean, the existence of internal waves was first revealed by a Synthetic-Aperture Radar (SAR) image acquired by the US Seasat satellite on September 15, 1978.

The darkness in deep seas and oceans is found around a depth of 200 meters and below. At this depth, there is almost no light (Twilight Zone). Below a depth of 1000 meters, there is no light at all. Human beings are not able to dive more than forty meters without the aid of submarines or special equipment.

"Or (the unbelievers' state) is like the darkness in a deep sea. It is covered by waves, above which are waves, above which are clouds. Darknesses, one above another. If a man stretches out his hand, he cannot see it....Quran: Chapter 24:Verse 40

How can prophet Muhammad who was living in the 7th century be able to mention internal waves & deep ocean darkness without Synthetic-Aperture Radar (SAR) and submarines?


Everyone has heard the increased pitch of an approaching police siren and the sharp decrease in pitch as the siren passes by and recedes. The effect arises because the sound waves arrive at the listener's ear closer together as the source approaches, and further apart as it recedes.

This sound effect was first described by Christian Doppler in the 1800s and is called the Doppler effect. The Doppler effect does not just apply to sound. It works with all types of waves, which includes light since light emanates in wavelengths.

By the early 1900s, scientists determined a way to use the light from a galaxy to determine how fast it was moving.

In 1929, American astronomer Edwin Hubble used the Doppler effect to determine that the universe is expanding with all the galaxies moving away from each other. He made this discovery after observing that galaxies farther away from earth were moving away faster. In other words, the universe must be expanding.

Until the mid-20th century, most scientists thought of the universe as infinite and ageless. The big bang theory became the accepted theory in science in 1964.

God (Allah) has said in the Quran which was revealed more than 1400 years ago:

"We constructed the universe with power, and We are expanding it." Quran: Chapter 51:Verse 47

"Do the disbelievers not realize that the heavens and earth were ˹once˺ one mass then We split them apart? And We created from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?" Quran: Chapter 21:Verse 30

Is it possible that in the 7th-century prophet Muhammad; who was unable to read and write would discover something like this without any knowledge about mathematics or physics and before the invention of the telescope?


1400 years ago In the Holy Quran, Allah revealed a detailed description of the human's embryonic development in several verses:

"O humanity! If you are in doubt about the Resurrection, then ˹know that˺ We did create you from dust, then from a sperm-drop, then ˹developed you into˺ a clinging clot ˹of blood˺, then a lump of flesh - fully formed or unformed - in order to demonstrate ˹Our power˺ to you. ˹Then˺ We settle whatever ˹embryo˺ We will in the womb for an appointed term, then bring you forth as infants, so that you may reach your prime. Some of you ˹may˺ die ˹young˺, while others are left to reach the most feeble stage of life so that they may know nothing after having known much. And you see the earth lifeless, but as soon as We send down rain upon it, it begins to stir ˹to life˺ and swell, producing every type of pleasant plant." 

Quran: Chapter 22:Verse 5

Prof. Keith L. Moore studied these verses and compared them to the latest scientific discoveries; he then concluded that it was impossible for any human being to describe the human embryonic development stages without a microscope and scientific training.

Sample of discoveries that seen the light, more than 1000 years after the Quran revelation:

The concept that both males and females are responsible for the formation of the baby which was unknown till the 18th century. Prior to that, it was assumed that the location of the little human being was either the maternal egg (the ovism model) or in the head of each sperm (the spermism model).

Description of the human's embryo shape. This was impossible before the invention of the microscope as the embryo size during the 3rd week is between 0.7 mm to 3 mm.

The concept that the bone formation is prior to muscles/flesh formation.

This YouTube Video is a recorded lecture for Prof. Keith L. Moore explaining his studies in detail.

Thoughts About Miracles

Miracles are fundamental to prove Muhammad's prophecy. Let us consider the points below:

There was no trace of science in the Arabian Peninsula before this era.

The recent scientific discoveries would not have seen the light without instruments such as (Microscope, Telescope, Radar....).

These miracles are in different fields (Medicine, Astronomy, Deep ocean studies....).

If we don't believe that the Quran came from God then the other assumption must be that Muhammad pretended to be a prophet and brought these topics to people 1400 years ago to convince them that he is a prophet. If that is the case, then we need to consider these questions below:

Would these topics seem to be relevant to people 1400 years ago?

Why would you talk about such topics 1400 years ago?

How come these topics came to his mind in the first place?

The prophet Muhammad, who was illiterate, never claimed to be a scientist. Mentioning these miracles among people where illiteracy was high would raise more questions and challenges. However, the way these truths and facts are introduced in the context of the Quran is a miracle in its own right, as it was reserved for other generations to see at a time when neither more prophets, nor miracles existed.